Associated Press Writer
13 July 1989
NEWKIRK, OK., (AP) Crews chip away old paint and hack at knee-high
weeds at the abandoned Chilocco Indian School, seemingly unaffected
by the tempest brewing in this remote corner of Oklahoma.
When a California group received state permission for a 75-bed
drug and alcohol treatment center, Newkirk thought the project
on the reservation six miles away would solve local economic troubles
brought on by oil and farming slumps.
But the initial euphoria, like the old paint, has chipped away,
replaced by distrust, frustration, even fear.
Townspeople say Narconon International hasn't been honest about
its affiliation with the Church of Scientology, its financing,
its medical credentials and its plans for the project, which will
draw mostly out-of-state clients.
They say Narconon denied the project had anything to do with Scientology
until Newkirk officials turned up a Scientology magazine with
a story headlined "Trained Scientologists to Staff Huge Oklahoma
And the mayor says Narconon tried to dupe locals at a staged ceremony,
where a $200,000 check and a glowing study were presented to Narconon
by a group that turned out to be part of Narconon itself.
Now the town fears it could earn a "cult image" because
of the project's ties to Scientology, which follows the teachings
of the late science fiction writer L. Ron Hubbard. Former members
have accused Scientology of fraud and mental abuse, and the Internal
Revenue Service has challenged its tax-exempt status as a religion.
"People interested in coming to this town will see the Church
of Scientology thing - the cult thing - and I think that that
image will hurt our possibilities for growth and development,"
Mayor Garry Bilger said in an interview last month.
Some townspeople say they worry about the kind of people the project
will attract and that the stately 80-building campus, built of
native Oklahoma stone and tucked more than a mile off the nearest
road, will become a Scientology recruiting station.
"I don't think any of us are against drug abusers getting
rehabilitation, ," said Mike Clifton, pastor of the First
Christian Church. "(But) there's a lot of concern in the
community because we really don't know what these folks are exactly
about. What really worries us is what they're not saying."
In the basement of the First Baptist Church, pastor Mark Jones
is making copies of a videotape of a British Broadcasting Corp.
documentary on Scientology, which he showed to his congregation
at a worship service.
The tapes, along with Scientology literature, have been circulating
in this town of 2,400. There have been town meetings and public
forums, including a sometimes heated session with state officials
who approved the Narconon project before the town knew it was
supported by Scientology.
"The town got the shaft," said insurance agent Charles
Eisenhauer. "I don't think anybody can undo anything that's
been done so far." The center is scheduled to open in September.
Narconon officials say Newkirk's concern is inflated and unwarranted.
Narconon is a legitimate, worldwide drug and alcohol rehabilitation
program with 23 years' experience and an 86 percent success rate,
Narconon spokesman Gary Smith said he tried to reassure the town
that Narconon's "sole intention is to get people off drugs."
He said the town has been misled. "There's fear being put
into the town by false information being fed in there by somebody
who's in favor of drug abuse. They're either connected to selling
drugs or they're using drugs," Smith said.
Smith declined to be more specific about the identity or whereabouts
of these "outside sources with criminal motives."
"Trust me, I know," he said.
Another Narconon attempt at persuasion provoked an angry response.
In a letter printed May 18 on the front page of the weekly Newkirk
Herald Journal, Narconon president John Duff wrote: "There
will be those that will not want Narconon to succeed at Chilocco
because they are for drugs and are on the other side in the battle
Jones, the Baptist minister, responded the following week, writing
he "resented the implication, or more accurately the accusation,
that was made by Narconon's Mr. Duff. He accused me of supporting
illegal drug use in our area if I did not swallow his program
hook, line and sinker."
Bilger said he had been so optimistic about the promise of a revitalized
Chilocco that last December he wrote Oklahoma health officials
But the mayor said his winter hope turned to disillusionment by
spring when he learned of Narconon's history, and he came to believe
he had been misled when Narconon held an emotional ceremony April
8 in which the Association for Better Living and Education presented
a glowing study of Narconon and the $200,000 check.
Later Bilger learned that ABLE shared a street address in Los
Angeles with Narconon, and is identified in a Scientology magazine
as part of Narconon.
"They totally misrepresented what was going on," Bilger
"I came away with the impression that we had an independent
group here interested in mankind and they had researched the Narconon
process. Then I find out ABLE and Narconon are part of the same
organization," he said.
"I try to be straightforward, and when somebody doesn't do
that, I wonder why."
In late June, Narconon's Smith used a copy of Bilger's December
letter of support to suggest to The Associated Press that the
mayor supported Narconon.
Bilger says the December letter no longer reflects his feelings.
"I imagine if I was in his shoes I'd use it, too," Bilger
said. "I just think now it (Narconon) is a problem and if
all the facts were out at the time, things might have been done
differently." The Chilocco Indian School closed in 1980 and
was declared surplus property by the Bureau of Indian Affairs,
which turned control over to five Indian tribes - Ponca, Kaw,
Pawnee, Otoe-Missouria and Tonkawa.
Last year, Narconon invited representatives of tribes throughout
the country to a meeting in Clearwater, Fla. Narconon touted its
program and said it was looking for a site for a treatment center.
Currently, Narconon's only U.S. inpatient center is a Los Angeles
clinic with 12 beds.
A Ponca representative told Narconon about the Chilocco site.
The 25-year lease eventually drawn up offers the tribes a percentage
of gross earnings, up to $16 million. The tribal leadership
remains enthusiastic about the Narconon project.
January, the Oklahoma Health Planning Commission gave Narconon
approval for an initial 75 beds. The group seeks 150 beds with
growth projected to 400.
Robert Lobsinger, publisher of the weekly Herald Journal, was
by then becoming curious about Narconon. In Newkirk's tiny library
he found articles about ties to Scientology and past run-ins with
officials. His first story, published April 27 under the headline
"Chilocco Drug Treatment Center May Be Part Of Notorious
Religious Cult," set the town abuzz. Townspeople said they
have repeatedly asked Narconon what medical credentials they have,
and so far, have received no answer.
"My first question is, do they think that everyone down here
is stupid? said Jones. "People around here are not world
travelers, but they've got a lot of common sense and they ask
a lot of questions."
"We've encountered deceit from the beginning," he said.
"There have been smoke screens everywhere, and there have
been flat-out lies."
In May, state officials told residents they believed Narconon
was a legitimate enterprise and would be inspected by the state
"A lot of people want to get their church (Scientology) involved
and the way state law is written... church affiliation has nothing
to do with it. The state of Oklahoma shouldn't get involved in
discussions of church affiliations," said Leroy Bridges,
Department of Mental Health spokesman.
Sheriff Glenn Guinn says he and others are not reassured by the
state, or by the Narconon officials with whom he has met. He said
he was originally told the alcoholism and drug abuse center would
be for local Indians but now has learned only 25 percent of the
beds have been promised to indigent Indians.
Narconon, like Scientology, has had a sometimes turbulent history.
In Spain last year, authorities charged Narconon with swindling
clients and luring them into Scientology. Seventy-one people were
arrested, including Scientology president Heber Jentzsch. Hundreds
of document were seized, and a Spanish judge froze bank accounts
holding $900,000 while an investigation continues.
Scientology, founded by Hubbard in 1954, has grown into an international
religion that at its mid-1970s peak claimed 6 million members
and $100 million in annual earnings. The faith is based on Hubbard's
concepts of mental health through which members can achieve a
Critics have labeled Scientology a cult. Scientologists have battled
the IRS and fought lawsuits filed by former members. In June,
the Supreme Court ruled that "fixed donations" made
by Scientology members are not tax-exempt contributions.
Narconon is supported financially by Scientology, spokesman Simon
Hogarth acknowledged, but the group maintains it has no "direct
ties" to Scientology.
Narconon says its rehabilitation program is based on Hubbard's
methods, using withdrawal, diet supplements, exercise and sauna
sessions to treat addicts.
William Mehojah, chairman of the Kaws, said the tribes would not
allow Scientology activities at Chilocco and would hold Narconon
to its contract.
"We are attempting to provide service to people who need
it," Mehojah said. "This is our way of combating (society's)
drug problem. This is our stand."
Hogarth said Narconon has "had a very good response"
from Newkirk, which he said had eagerly embraced the idea of a
drug and alcoholism treatment center.
But Bilger said he did not think Hogarth changed any minds. "I
am still concerned and I think most people in town feel that way,"
the mayor said.
"Nobody wanted that thing to be a success more than me.
Now I'm disappointed. I still hope there's a way it can work
for everyone. But right now, I'm disappointed."
Faces New Charges Of Harassment
St. Petersburg Times
Reprinted 06 July 1989
ST. PETERSBURG, Dec. 22, 1988 - The year was 1976, one year
after the Church of Scientology had secretly moved its spiritual
headquarters to Clearwater (Fla.), and Mayor Gabe Cazares was
complaining too loudly for the church's comfort.
So, as documents seized by the FBI would later show, the church's
Clearwater office devised a scheme to "ruin Mayor Gabriel
Cazares' political career by spreading scandal about his sex life."
Church officials came up with ways to get Cazares' school records,
birth records, anything - from checking with the Catholic Church
to looking in graveyards for headstones with Cazares' name - that
might discredit the mayor.
The next year, the FBI raided church offices and seized hundreds
of documents. Eleven church members were subsequently convicted
of crimes. And the Church of Scientology promised that it had
cleaned house. Such dirty tricks, said the church, were things
of the past.
Consider, then, the more recent case of Charles O'Reilly, an aggressive
California lawyer who was another thorn in the side of Scientology.
O'Reilly represented some former Scientologists who were suing
the church, and he refused to settle their cases. One client,
who said the church nearly drove him insane, had won a $30-million
verdict against the sect. Church executives were irate, one of
their former lawyers recalled in sworn testimony.
So in the spring of 1987, top-ranking Scientologists and lawyers
called a meeting at their headquarters on Sunset Boulevard in
Los Angeles to talk over the O'Reilly matter. According to their
former lawyer, Joseph Yanny, the Scientologists planned to steal
confidential files on O'Reilly from the Betty Ford Center and
other alcohol - and drug - treatment centers. Yanny said the Scientologists
figured that such records could be used to blackmail O'Reilly.
Ultimately, the plan to steal the records was scaled back, then
dropped altogether. But the idea was similar to other plans that
were carried out, say former top Scientology officials and representatives.
Although such claims have been made before by alleged victims
of the church's tricks, the new charges are coming from people
who were inside the highest circles of Scientology.
These officials include a church executive who recently left Scientology,
a former church security chief, a California lawyer who until
recently helped formulate Scientology's legal strategy, the church's
former international president, and dozens of former church members,
including one who has written a book critical of the church and
its founder, L. Ron Hubbard.
Cumulatively, the new charges lead to a stinging conclusion about
Scientology: Despite its assurances of reform, a pattern of abuses
continues against church critics. In some cases, those abuses
cross the line of criminal law, according to authorities.
A judge in Spain recently reached the same conclusion. After a
nine-month investigation, Judge Jose Maria Vazquez Honrubia on
Nov. 20 (1988) detained 71 Scientologists in Madrid and ordered
11 of them jailed. Those held included Heber Jentzsch, a 53-year-old
American and president of the Church of Scientology International.
After three weeks, Jentzsch and the church members were released
on $1.1-million bail but now must report to the court three times
a week. They could face charges of coercion, fraud, flight of
capital, illicit association and labor law violations. They say
they are the victims of an international conspiracy.
Similarly, 15 Scientologists and the church itself are awaiting
trial in Canada on charges stemming from a 1983 police raid in
which about 2 million stolen government documents were seized
from church offices. Scientology lawyers said the sect would donate
money to charity if charges against the church were dismissed,
but Ontario Attorney General Ian Scott declined the offer.
Scientologists and their lawyers would not answer questions
for this series of articles.
church and the St. Petersburg Times are adversaries in a federal
court case, and chief Scientology counsel Earle C. Cooley of
Boston attributed the church's "no comment" to that
dispute. The Times seeks to unseal files in four lawsuits against
Scientology settled in 1986. Although court files are normally
open, the judge granted the church's request to seal these cases
over the objections of opposing lawyers. The Church of Scientology
now wants to keep them closed. Times lawyers argued in a motion
in October that closing the files violates the First Amendment.
The First Amendment to the Constitution, among other things,
gives a guarantee of a free press, and Times lawyers said that
closing the files interferes with the newspaper's right to gather
and publish news.
The Times won a Pulitzer Prize in 1980 for exposes of abuse by
the church. In 1984, California Superior Judge Paul G. Breckenridge
ruled that "the organization clearly is schizophrenic and
"It hasn't changed at all," said William Franks, who
until 1982 was chairman and executive director of the Church of
Scientology International. Franks left the church after a showdown
between church leaders and owners of numerous Scientology "missions,"
Franks has said that despite public statements, it became clear
that church executives never intended to change Scientology's
character. Franks is now a businessman in Philadelphia; his replacement
as Scientology's international president was Jentzsch, who is
now out on bail in Spain.
Embarrassing the opposition
Although it has a large presence in Pinellas County (Fla), Scientology
keeps its business headquarters in California, and it was there
that top Scientologists and lawyers gathered to talk about O'Reilly,
the lawyer who was causing them trouble.
Joseph Yanny, 38, was one of those lawyers. He has since fallen
out with the church, but at the time, he was one of Scientology's
top lawyers. Yanny began representing Scientology in trademark
matters in 1983. His other clients include Corona Beer and the
rock group Grateful Dead. By 1985, Yanny was "closely involved
in the formulation of legal strategy," according to court
documents filed by Scientologists.
"I and others were told by (Scientology executive) Marty
Rathburn that on orders of David Miscavige, the successor of L.
Ron Hubbard as the head of the cult, that the medical records
of O'Reilly were to be stolen from the Betty Ford Center, and
another location in Santa Barbara, to show that he was using cocaine,
discredit him, and possibly blackmail him into easing off on his
$30-million verdict now on appeal," Yanny said last summer
when questioned by Scientology lawyers.
Yanny balked. "I wanted no part of any criminal conduct to
obtain the stuff," he said in an interview with the Times.
"An alternative plan was quickly arrived at to settle my
nerves," he said when questioned by other lawyers.
The new tack: Rather than steal the records, lawyers would get
them through the judicial process. Subpoenas were prepared for
records from the Betty Ford Center, the Eisenhower Medical Center
and Cottage Care Center, all in California. Specifically requested
in the subpoenas, which are now on file in federal court, were
"records of admittance for treatment of alcohol an/or drug
use or dependency, records of treatment of Mr. O'Reilly for alcohol
and/or drug usage, records concerning any known distribution or
receipt by Mr. O'Reilly of any illegal drug."
Yanny said he protested again, saying the Scientologists were
abusing the legal system. He said he refused to sign the subpoenas,
and although they were filed with the court, they were ultimately
never served. Yanny resigned as church counsel.
Since then, Yanny has been sued by the Church of Scientology,
which says that after quitting he supplied church adversaries
with privileged Scientology legal information.
An account from inside
She was 22, a former Unitarian. He was a former Marine air traffic
controller with two tours in Vietnam. They were taking courses
at Mountainview Junior College in Dallas when Vicki McRae met
"He told me that there was a guy in Austin named Whit Whitford
who was a Scientologist... and that this fellow could do all sorts
of magical things, like make butterflies come out of the sky and
things like that," she remembered when questioned by lawyers
"That conversation ended pretty quickly, because I told him
I thought it was bulls-."
Ms. McRae's skepticism yielded to Azneran's curiosity, though,
and before long both were Scientologists, later they became husband
Scientologists - their leader called the group a religion, but
said it didn't require abandoning other religious beliefs. It
was a religion of man: a belief that through a form of one-on-one
counseling called "auditing," man could free himself
of deep-rooted psychological baggage and live a self-determined
life. This auditing was accomplished with the help of an "E-meter,"
a device similar to a lie-detector.
The founder of this religion was L. Ron Hubbard, a science fiction
writer in the 1940s whose 1950 book Dianetics: The Modern Science
of Mental Health planted the seed for the Scientology movement.
In its simplest explanation, Dianetics was a science of the mind,
and Scientology was the theology it embraced.
Hubbard wrote that the human mind is a camera with thousands of
tiny images. These "engrams" were regularly picked up
by the mind - they could have been recorded by a person almost
as early as conception - and profoundly affected human behavior,
even creating physical maladies. They had to be excised before
man could rid himself and the planet of neurosis, war, crime and
disease, Hubbard said. The end result was a state called "clear."
Vicki Azneran, like millions of other people around the world,
was intrigued. She began taking Scientology courses at a Dallas
Dianetics center and soon joined the staff. In time she advanced
to the national staff, putting in 18-hour days in exchange for
$10 a week plus room and board and auditing privileges, she said.
She was rewarded with prestige, and in 1983 was promoted to president
of Religious Technology Center (RTC). This was the Scientology
branch, based in Los Angeles, that made sure Hubbard's teachings
were delivered in a standard format. The position made her one
of the highest-ranking Scientologists in the world.
Vicki Azneran had become part of Scientology's elite. She knew
the complex myriad of organizations and sub-organizations and
how they fit together. She now says that Scientology's corporate
web was created as a way of beating taxes. She also knew other
details, and recently testified about them in federal court proceedings.
Among other things, she disclosed the systematic destruction of
church documents. Scientologists feared those records might show
that Hubbard secreted millions of dollars of church money into
his own accounts, she testified. (A federal Judge last year ruled
that Hubbard did just that.) Since the church claimed to be not-for-profit
- a contention disputed by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
- any such records could be damaging.
Vicki Azneran said she and her husband helped make sure the records
were never released. They shredded financial documents in 1980
in Clearwater, she said, and again in 1981. Then in 1986, she
said, she and Richard "participated in the coverup of expenditures...
in anticipation of an IRS audit" in California.
Meantime, in 1984, she said, she destroyed other documents - which
a California judge had ordered the church to yield. The church
had personal records on Gerry Armstrong, a former Scientologist
in litigation with the sect. Now Judge Paul Breckenridge of California
Superior Court was ordering the Church of Scientology to turn
over these records, called "PC" files, or pre-clear
files. The files, kept on all Scientologists, contain personal
information - from secret desires to confessions of misconduct
- extracted during auditing sessions.
"I removed documents from Gerry Armstrong's PC folders to
keep them from being turned over to the court," Vicki Azneran
said. "I went through them and removed things from them.
And some of those things I destroyed, and some of them I gave
away or gave to someone in OSA (Office of Special Affairs), I
Richard Azneran, who also had risen through the ranks - becoming
Hubbard's public relations representative and later supervising
church security - said culling pre-clear files was standard church
practice. He said he also carried out similar tasks.
Among the duties he described in depositions: bugging staff members'
rooms, digging through adversarial lawyers' garbage and investigating
so-called enemies of the church.
In 1985, Scientology executive David Miscavige told him to set
up eavesdropping equipment in all the offices of Author Services
Incorporated, Azneran said. Author Services is Scientology's for-profit
division, licensing the copyrights to the prolific Hubbard's works.
Miscavige feared a raid by the IRS and wanted to photograph and
record "everything that any agent ever said to each other"
so it could be used in plotting a defense, Azneran said.
Rick Azneran also devised and helped implement a system to destroy
church computer tapes, he said.
The way it worked, records from the church's Southern California
centers were transferred from computer discs to tapes and taken
to rented storage facilities in Ventura, Orange and Riverside
counties outside Los Angeles County to create possible jurisdictional
problems for the police.
Electronic machines that erase magnetic tapes "were set up
in a row right next to the storage racks where the daily backup
tapes were kept," Azneran said. "We drilled on a regular
basis being able to destroy the information on those magnetic
tapes in a given amount of time, which is what we thought we would
have should there be a raid."
And what if the FBI or IRS tried to force their way into the actual
The Scientologists had thought of that, too, Azneran said. "Earlier
on in the computer rooms, the glass... that had been installed
was all two-inch, two-and-a-half-inch bullet-proof glass so that
they couldn't break in with sledge hammers and so forth."
Punishment and escape
Why are the Aznerans saying such terrible things about their former
It goes back to 1986 - specifically, Jan. 24, the day the reclusive
L. Ron Hubbard, 74, died of a stroke at his ranch in Creston,
Calif. There was some struggle within Scientology's top ranks
to succeed Hubbard, and Vicki Azneran found herself in the wrong
faction, she says now.
As a result, she was sent to the Rehabilitation Project Force
(RPF), a military-like work detail that former members say exists
at nearly all major Scientology centers. Her assignment was to
Happy Valley, a Scientology camp in the California desert. Guards
ordered her to run wherever she went and sleep with a dozen women
in one room, and a female guard stayed with her when she showered,
She herself had dispatched dozens of others to the RPF for misdeeds
against the church, she said. She had personally done stints in
the RPF on her way up the Scientology ladder.
But this time was different, she said. This time, she was sick.
A uterine infection gave her a fever, and the guards wouldn't
let her leave to see a doctor.
So in March of 1987, when two companions ran away and later came
back in a rented car, she joined them and left. She had decided,
as had Richard, it was time to leave Scientology, she told lawyers.
Their separation from the church seemed amicable. They even accepted
a $20,000 loan, to be paid back at 5 percent interest over 10
years. They took the money and started a private investigation
firm in Dallas.
But Vicki and Richard Azneran held a grudge.
On April 1 this year (1988) they filed a $70-million lawsuit in
U.S. District Court in Los Angeles against the Church of Scientology
of California, RTC and other church divisions, and several Scientology
executives. The 11-count suit claimed false imprisonment, infliction
of emotional distress, loss of consortium, conspiracy, fraud,
breach of contract, invasion of privacy and breach of duty to
pay minimum wage and overtime.
Scientology lawyers denied the charges.
Suing their lawyer
On June 15, Scientology lawyers called Yanny, the former lawyer,
to a meeting. "They told me they were going to sue me,"
Yanny said. "Howard Weitzman (a prominent Los Angeles lawyer)
said they wanted to make this all go away. He said to me, "This
doesn't have to happen if you can make the Azneran case go away."
"End of meeting."
"And so I got sued, And fur started flying."
The Church of Scientology International, the Church of Scientology
of California and RTC charged in the suit, filed eight days after
the meeting, that Yanny violated the attorney-client privilege.
According to the Scientologists, Yanny presided over a series
of "clandestine meetings" in March at his Hermosa Beach
home with various Lawyers, aides, the Aznerans and Bent Corydon.
Corydon, of Riverside, Calif., wrote the 1987 book L. Ron Hubbard:
Messiah or Madman?, and has faced a barrage of litigation from
The Scientologists said that Yanny, who had inside information,
now was aiding, even encouraging, the Aznerans. As proof, the
Scientologists presented affidavits from two former employees
of Yanny who said they were present during the meetings with the
Aznerans and Corydon. The Scientologists also submitted photographs,
taken by a private investigator, showing Corydon's car parked
behind Yanny's house. On the basis of this information, a California
Judge ruled that neither Yanny nor his lawyers could represent
the Aznerans because of an appearance of impropriety.
Although Yanny acknowledged a friendship with the Aznerans and
Corydon, he said he has not helped them with their suits. But
the Scientologists had other charges as well. Their suit said
that of the $1.8-million Yanny's firm billed the sect in four
years, a substantial portion was padded or fraudulent. And they
said that Yanny performed incompetent work "while under the
influence of drugs and alcohol."
Later they amended the suit. They dropped the part about incompetence,
drugs and alcohol.
The rearview mirror
Joe Yanny took a plane from Los Angeles to Dallas and then another
to Pittsburgh last June (1988). In Pittsburgh, he rented a car
to go to his sister's home in Bellaire, Ohio. He said he thought
he was being followed.
The Grateful Dead, one of his clients, was playing in Buckeye
Lakes while he was in Ohio, so Yanny and three friends got into
the car and drove to the concert. Coming back, he though he was
He sped up and lost the tail. But when he got into town, alongside
his sister's house, four police cruisers pulled up with lights
The officers said they had a tip, phoned in anonymously to the
Ohio Highway Patrol. Yanny, they said they were told, had firearms
and cocaine in the car.
"I was told at that point in time that I and those in my
company could be searched, including the vehicle, or that I could
be arrested on the spot," Yanny said. "The choice was
He agreed to be searched, as did the others. The police found
The next day, Bellaire police stopped a different rented car in
town. The men in the car gave a story the police did not believe,
so the police persisted, and the men in the rental car finally
acknowledged that they were watching Yanny.
"The police were informed that these people had been hired
by - the name Economic Research Group from New York was mentioned,"
Yanny said in a deposition. "They were from the Washington,
D.C., area and had been hired by a firm named Williams & Connelly.
At least this is the information that was given to the Police.
(Williams & Connelly) had represented the cult of Scientology
on various matters, and various of its chief executives such as
Williams & Connelly lawyer Gerald Feffer said he would likely
know of any Scientology matters involving the firm, but knew nothing
about the incident. He said he has used the Economic Research
Group - an investigation firm that would not return a reporter's
calls - but said, "I don't, and would never, under any circumstances,
hire anyone to harass anybody."
Capt. Robert Wallace of the Bellaire police said: "Mr. Yanny's
account would be correct. And yes, the Bellaire Police Department
can confirm that." He said the only part of the story he
could not verify was whether the private investigators phoned
in the tip about Yanny carrying drugs. But he said: "It is
extremely coincidental, to say the least."
above story is reprinted with permission from the St. Petersburg,
Fla., Times, December 22, 1988.)
One Of Many Scientology Organizations
St. Petersburg Times
Reprinted 06 July 1989
ST. PETERSBURG, FLA. Dec. 12, 1988 - Operating under auspices
of the Church of Scientology are dozens of groups, many of them
separate legal entities. Untangling Scientology's lines of organizations
can be difficult; even the sect's own charts that have been
used in court cases are complex. Here are some of Scientology's
Service Organization - The legal name of Scientology's Clearwater
(Fla.) operation, which serves as the sect's spiritual headquarters.
Before 1981 the organization was part of the Church of Scientology
of California, and Pinellas County (Fla.) officials contend that
Flag is still an "alter ego" of the California church.
The distinction could be worth millions of dollars in tax exemption,
and Scientology lawyers deny the Pinellas claim.
Sea Org - Short for Sea Organization, a corp of dedicated Scientologists
who wear navy-style uniforms and sign billion-year loyalty contracts.
(Scientologist believe in reincarnation.) Before Scientology's
move to Clearwater in 1975, members of the Sea Org served with
sect founder L. Ron Hubbard aboard ships roaming the globe.
International Association of Scientologists - A group formed by
church leaders in 1984 to combat "external" threats
to Scientology such as lawsuits and critical media coverage. Membership
in the association makes one an official member of the church,
according to association publications.
The Freewinds - A 500-passenger ship bought in 1986 by the International
Association of Scientologists. Previously berthed in St. Petersburg
as the cruise ship Boheme, the Freewinds was renovated and now
is based in the southern Caribbean, where upper-level Scientology
training is offered. Among those who have cruised are Lisa Marie
Presley, the daughter of Elvis, who took a honeymoon trip on the
ship in October.
Bridge Publications - Publisher of L. Ron Hubbard's works, including
his Battlefield Earth science fiction series and the seminal Scientology
work Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health. Bridge is
a for-profit company.
Concerned Businessmen's Association of America - A Glendale, Calif.
- based group of Scientologists that promotes drug-free living
through its "Way to Happiness" book and like-named campaign,
targeted to school-age children. The association's Intertribal
Council brought American Indian leaders to Scientology's Clearwater
headquarters in February (1988) to talk about drug treatment programs.
A related group, called the Hubbard Foundation, did detoxification
of the Blackfeet reservation in Montana "for a while,"
said Jim Ferres, Blackfeet treatment services director. "They
don't do it anymore... I view alcoholism as a disease, and don't
believe in this guru kind of stuff."
Narconon - A Scientologist-run drug education and rehabilitation
program based on a regimen of megavitamins and saunas. Narconon
boasts an 80 percent success rate, but health officials and former
Narconon employees dispute that claim. Narconon offices were among
those raided in the Spanish investigation of Scientology in November.
(Ed note - in a March 29, 1989 story, the St. Petersburg Times
also reported that 75 Scientologists were to go before an Italian
court in Milan to face a list of charges including fraud, extortion
and tax evasion related to the Italian Scientology, Dianetics,
and Narconon operations. The action followed a massive investigation
started in 1981)
WISE - An acronym for World Institute of Scientology Enterprises,
the sect's division that teaches "Hubbard management tech"
to businesses and professionals. Among the Scientologist-run consulting
firms licensed under WISE are Singer Consultants (specializing
in chiropractors), Sterling Management Consultants (dentists)
and Uptrends (computer professionals). Anywhere from 20 percent
(a Singer estimate) to 50 percent (an Uptrends figure) of WISE
clients wind up taking Scientology courses or buying Hubbard books.
Citizen's Commission on Human Rights - A Scientology division
that crusades against many applications of psychiatry, particularly
the use of Ritalin, a drug used to control hyperactivity in children.
Scientology has a distinctly anti-psychiatric, anti-medical bent,
which psychiatrists say is a result of Dianetics being shunned
by organized medicine.
(The above article is reprinted from the St. Petersburg Times,
Dec. 22, 1988, with permission)
Cruel Ruler Of Universe Turns Earth Into Prison
St. Petersburg Times
Reprinted 06 July 1989
ST. PETERSBURG, FLA., Dec. 23, 1988 - It was like something out
of a science fiction script - but L. Ron Hubbard, the founder
of Scientology, claimed it was fact.
"Xenu," he called the central character. Xenu ruled
the 90-planet Galactic Confederation 75-million years ago, when
overpopulation was a problem.
So Xenu solved the problem: He trapped selected beings and flew
them to volcanoes on Earth, then called Teegeeach. He then dropped
powerful H-bombs on the volcanoes.
The beings were destroyed in a wall of fire. However, their spirits,
or "thetans," weren't. Gathering them into clusters,
Xenu trapped the thetans in frozen alcohol and glycol.
Then he finished his cruel plan: He electronically implanted the
thetans so they would reproduce in subsequent generations of man
and cause sexual perversion and other abnormal behavior.
The implants are in us - each of us - today.
Though such beliefs may seem far-fetched, Scientology documents
show they are part of upper-level Scientology training known as
OT III, short for Operating Thetan III. OT III is the third of
15 steps on Scientology's advanced ladder, climbed by believers
after reaching the state of "clear." OT III training,
which is supposed to remove the implants by revisiting the Xenu
incident and breaking through the wall of fire, is offered in
Clearwater at a cost of $6,500, according to a fall 1988 rate
Details of OT III are considered confidential. When church documents
describing Xenu surfaced during a 1985 trial in Los Angeles, Scientology
lawyers tried unsuccessfully to immediately seal them. Gerald
Armstrong, a former Scientologist who discovered that many of
Hubbard's credentials and claims were false, described in a court
document why the group so closely guards Xenu.
"In Scientology, people are told that if they read even part
of the story before they have progressed through all the various
lower Scientology steps, at the cost of tens of thousands of dollars,
their subconscious minds will be restimulated, and they will "freewheel,
..."" Armstrong said, "Their mind will go out of
control, they will not be able to eat or sleep and they will die."
A Hubbard memo obtained by Clearwater police said pneumonia may
also result, as the implants are calculated to kill by pneumonia
anyone who tries to "solve" them - sort of like a pharaoh's
curse, Hubbard noted. That's why only properly applied training
would succeed, Hubbard said.
Armstrong said the Xenu story was identical to the screenplay
for Revolt in the Stars, a film written by Hubbard. The film never
got commercial financing and was not released.
(Above story is reprinted from the St. Petersburg, Fla., Times,
Dec. 23, 1988 with permission. It is one of several published
reports reflecting the same incident - all reports are essentially
the same in content.)
Mayor Launches Narconon Inquiry After Receiving Adverse Reports
From At Least Five Other States
Newkirk Mayor Garry Bilger says in the past two weeks he has
been receiving mail from all over the country since an Associated
Press article concerning Narconon Chilocco was released.
article, which appeared in newspapers from Corpus Christi, Tx.
to the New York Times, seems to have prompted the letters to Bilger.
"I haven't received a letter favorable to the Narconon program
yet... they are all negative.!
For example, a writer from Illinois says, "I can empathize
with your town's plight and have the utmost admiration for those
who are fighting to close down Narconon's newest operation before
it actually is in operation.
"... it is strictly a method of recruitment, and their recovery
claims are unfounded," the letter continues. The writer goes
"The Oklahoma Health Plan (sic) Commission had better do
some fast and thorough homework - the information is available.
They probably have never before been confronted with such a slick
and deceptive organization."
Enclosed with the letter were clippings about Narconon's troubles
in Italy and Spain.
hand written letter from Pennsylvania says, "Without becoming
too emotional, I want to tell you (my sister) gave thousands
of dollars to Scientology, left all her Christian upbringing
behind, and let Ron Hubbard rule her life with his values and
teachings. Scientology is very sneaky, with their pseudonyms
such as "Big Apple Schools" and "Narconon"
- and practically took over a town in Florida."
concludes, "Please, be very careful in letting them come
into your town on their false pretenses."
example: "I have just read the New York Times article on
your situation with Narconon and Scientology," this former
will tell you straight out that Narconon is a sham. It is a front
and a device used by the Church of Scientology to lure people
You must realize that you are dealing with a very determined and
ruthless bunch of fanatics. They resort to any deceit, any trickery
to get their way... which is to promote and lure people into Scientology.
Narconon fits very nicely into this as most people are concerned
about Drug abuse and addiction and will give time and money to
anything that looks like it might help.
Narconon is an elaborate scheme to entice people into Scientology,
to promote Scientology and the name of L. Ron Hubbard. It looks
like a noble work for the good of society. They will trot out
a handful of people who will claim that they were helped with
Narconon. They might even bring out a celebrity or two. Scientology
will use very little of their own money in this con. They will
go after Grants, donations, etc. and they are very skilled in
getting other peoples money."
"...Sadly enough, most of the lower level Scientologists
are not aware of the con and deception that they are involved
with. They don't realize that they have been brainwashed. I didn't
and went busily around promoting Scientology and Narconon all
the while believing that I was working in a noble cause...."
"You can use what I have said here in any way you find useful.
I would ask that you don't give my name or address to anyone connected
to Narconon or Scientology.
Gary Smith, the Narconon spokesman quoted in the Times article,
is lying through his teeth. You can quote me - I was there,"
concludes the writer.
Included with the letters are newspaper clippings from across
the country alleging that Narconon units in at least five states
have been shut down or severely curtailed over the years after
questions were raised about their effectiveness and ties with
In Michigan, for instance, a prison psychologist is reported to
have charged that Narconon is a "con" to gain money
and recruits for the Church of Scientology. A California report
done for that state's Department of Health said Narconon's use
of megavitamins to detoxify addicts is a "hazardous"
and "in some cases lethal" practice.
Prison programs in Delaware, Connecticut and Minnesota were reported
terminated after questions were raised about the program's effectiveness.
In Clearwater, Florida, the program apparently never got off the
ground, Scientology spokesmen complained in one clipping, due
to the "climate" created by negative media reports about
the Church of Scientology.
Michigan prison psychologist John Hand has been quoted as saying,
"They are phony, a front for the Church of Scientology. We
found out in Michigan that most of the money that we were paying
Narconon was laundered back into the Church of Scientology."
Gary Smith, Narconon's spokesman, was quoted in the same article,
and branded Hand's assertion that money in Michigan was "laundered"
"It's just a basic technology whereby a person can get off
drugs, back into life and be happy. We don't push it (Scientology)
on anybody. We never have," Smith was quoted as saying.
But in view of the mounting material from across the country,
as well as reports from abroad, Mayor Bilger has instructed
an attorney to contact Corrections Department and Health Department
officials in Michigan, California, Delaware, Connecticut, and
Minnesota to find out the truth about the allegations.
Chamber, School Board...
City Leaders Call For State Review Of Narconon Program
At Chilocco Indian School North Of Town
School Board, City Commission, and Chamber of Commerce have
jointly sent a 67 page document to 16 State and National leaders
asking them to support a special review of the Narconon-Chilocco
drug rehabilitation program and it's connection with Scientology.
cover letter of the package of exhibits says in part, "Based
on this information, it appears that Narconon's primary objective
is Scientology recruitment and not drug abuse treatment. Our community
is very concerned and we are requesting your help in obtaining
a complete review of their operation and the licensing procedure
which allows Narconon to operate in Oklahoma. It is signed by
the Mayor, the President of the Newkirk Board of Education, and
the President of the Newkirk Chamber of Commerce.
The first exhibit alleges that there have been several instances
of misrepresentation made by Narconon to the community, and the
balance of the package contains individual documents, media reports,
and sources of further information that the signers hope will
cause officials to take a second look at Narconon.
Mayor Garry Bilger feels that it is pretty well documented that
Narconon is a Scientology controlled organization. He points to
a ceremony held at Chilocco on April 8, 1989. At the ceremony
Bilger observed a representative of the Association For Better
Living and Education (ABLE) "donate" at $200,000.00
check to Narconon for seed money to get the project started.
Bilger contends that at the ceremony an obvious effort was made
to have everyone believe that ABLE and Narconon were two entirely
separate organizations that had nothing to do with each other
But Narconon's own promotional material says it is owned by ABLE.
And ABLE turns out to be one of the many organizations on the
Scientology organization chart.
At a public meeting in Newkirk on May 8, 1989, Mr. Leroy Bridges
of the State Mental health Department told a group of about 80
people that there would be "no Oklahoma patients" treated
at the facility, except for a few indigent Indians. Mr. Bridges
also said that no state money would be involved.
But a document in the package, written sometime before July 1988,
allegedly by Mr. John Duff, president of Narconon International,
lists local and Oklahoma people as the top priorities in the Narconon
marketing plan. It also lists "State Contracts that pay for
beds," as a priority.
At the same meeting, Mr. Bridges told the citizens of Newkirk
that Narconon had voluntarily placed itself under jurisdiction
of the state for matters of law enforcement and inspection of
their program and facilities.
However, a letter from Sheriff Glenn Guinn included in the package
says, "As I understand it, I have no authority on Chilocco
land. Everything at Chilocco comes under the F.B.I., and we have
one F.B.I. agent in this area stationed at Enid."
The document allegedly authored by Mr. Duff also says that it
is "essential" to procure state certification and licensing
"because we will be providing services to both Indian and
Non-Indian people paid through a fee for service, insurance coverage
and possible state contracts. State licensing is mandatory for
us to be able to accept Non-Indian clientele."
The package sent to the state says, "We find it curious that
Narconon wants to be licensed in order to collect on state contracts
and insurance policies from people Mr. Bridges has flatly said
would not be served at the facility."
Narconon has consistently said it is not connected with the Church
of Scientology, but the material in the package sent to the state
seems to indicate that except for a "cold turkey" detoxification
period, nearly all of the rest of the treatment consists of courses
and programs also found on the Church of Scientology's religious
progress chart known as "The Bridge To Total Freedom."
City leaders are also questioning the cure rates claimed by Narconon.
They consider it an exaggerated figure and say they have seen
no data to support it. Several individuals involved in drug and
alcohol rehabilitation in this area have said the cure rate for
any program is between 15% and 30% at best.
Narconon spokesmen have said that the conversion rate of Narconon
patients to Scientology is, variously, between 1% and 3%, and
"under 10%." But an evaluation Team Report made to the
California State Department of Health said "it was clear
that nearly all the patients hoped to become Scientologists."
Other reports from former Scientology members and Narconon patients
puts the figure at between 50% and 75%.
Other exhibits contained in the package mailed to state officials
consists of charts, news reports from around the country and
several foreign countries, a radio transcript, and 13 pages
of references for further reading or information which city
leaders hope will be enough to convince the state that it needs
to take a much closer look at this project before it is licensed
for operation in the State of Oklahoma.
And Medical Accuracy Of Narconon Program Questioned
17 August 1989
A Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of
Oklahoma calls it "pure unadulterated 'cow pies'".
Doctor of Internal Medicine in Ponca City says it is "filled
with ...many false generalizations, internal inconsistencies,
outright lies, and potentially dangerous treatments."
are talking about the Purification part of the Narconon drug
rehabilitation program that will be offered at Chilocco.
to a document called the Narconon Technical Line-Up copyrighted
1984 by Narconon, their rehabilitation program consists of several
First, there is a Detoxification and Withdrawal program, followed
by a Drug Education/Orientation lecture, Hard TR's (Training Routines),
the Purification program, Objectives, the Drug Rundown, and the
Way To Happiness Rundown.
Several area individuals have ask for and have been promised a
copy of the Narconon "protocols" that will be used when
Narconon is in operation, but after several weeks, nothing has
been forthcoming from Narconon.
However, Narconon and Scientology documents have been provided
by former Scientologists, Narconon volunteers, and Narconon patients
which give a pretty clear idea of program contents.
One of those documents, a Hubbard Communications Bulletin called
"The Purification Rundown Replaces The Sweat Program"
is said to contain the core of L. Ron Hubbard's "technology"
regarding the removal of toxic substances such as drugs from the
body. It is a regimen which includes exercise, sauna sweat out,
nutrition including vitamins, minerals, etc, as well as oil intake,
and a properly ordered schedule of activity.
This and several related documents were offered for evaluation
by a University of Oklahoma Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry,
and by a Ponca City Doctor who specializes in internal medicine.
Their reports are being forwarded by city leaders to the State
The OU Professor in his August 4, 1989 report, writes, "My
overall comment on Mr. Hubbard's literature is that there is an
absolute lack of data to support his assertion that the Purification
Program succeeds in doing what the presently adopted programs
fail to do. The documents reviewed also contain many truths and
"However," he continues, "there is no evidence
that Mr. Hubbard's approach will cure these ills.
"(Hubbard's statement that) "There is no such thing
as a fat cell" is a meaningless statement," the professor
says. "'Fat tissue' should be adipose tissue which consists
of many cell types and the major lipid storage cell is termed
a 'brown cell'"
Where Hubbard suggests that in 1973 someone got a Nobel Prize
for curing insanity with niacin, the OU report says it is "too
absurd to comment on." As far as can be determined, the professor
said by telephone, no such prize was ever given.
The OU report complains of a lack of scientific data within the
documents to support the statements made, and concludes that,
"Overall the program proposed by Mr. Hubbard is pure unadulterated
'cow pies'. It is filled with some scientific truth but mainly
is illogical and the conclusions drawn by Mr. Hubbard are without
any basis in scientific fact."
A report received August 14 from a Ponca City doctor specializing
in Internal Medicine says...
"As a previous Medical Director of two alcohol and drug rehabilitation
units, I feel I am qualified by training, interest and experience
to comment specifically on the proposed treatment center's so
called Purification rundown.
The Purification Rundown is apparently either all or part of Narconon's
initial detoxification program. The ... document is in general
a poorly written program. There is extremely poor organization.
The material is full of generalizations that have no substantiation
in fact. There are internal inconsistent statements. There is
The Purification Rundown is somewhat patterned after many reputable
detoxification programs in which diet, exercise, education and
behavioral modification are used. But due to the above mentioned
deficiencies as well as several outright untruths, I think that
it is fair to say that the Purification Rundown is without merit."
Some specific points made in the report: "There is certainly
no scientific documentation that exercise significantly speeds
up the detoxification process."
"The author states throughout, that sweating increases the
rate at which drugs in general leave the body. This is certainly
untrue of many drugs, as most drugs of abuse are eliminated from
the body by detoxification through the liver, or by passage through
the kidney, or occasionally by passage through the lungs. Although
minute quantities of some drugs may appear in the sweat it is
such a small fraction of drug elimination that no matter how much
a patient were made to sweat it could not significantly increase
his clearing of most drugs."
"The author states 'There is no such thing as a fat cell.'
This is absolutely false and can be disproven by any college student
who has had a course in Histology."
"The author's recommendation for taking Vegetable Oil to
replace the oils in our fat tissue that are contaminated with
drugs has no documentation or basis in fact."
"Perhaps the most blatantly false statement made in the entire
document (is where the) author states, 'niacin's biochemical reaction
is my own private personal discovery in the middle of the 1950's.
Niacin was discovered several decades before the 1950's and its
importance and multiple biochemical reactions have been studied
from that time until present."
"The author further goes on to state 'Niacin runs out radiation'...
There is no scientific documentation that niacin in any way gets
radiation out of the body. The symptoms of which the author talks
are due to dilation of the blood vessels of the skin and is a
known side-effect of niacin administration."
The report continues... "there are aspects ... which I find
medically unsafe. (Parts of the program) suggest that the author
expects that in many cases heat exhaustion will occur. Any treatment
which leads to heat exhaustion is unsound and unsafe."
Regarding suggested use of a medical officer, the report states,
"It seems quite apparent that medical officer does not equate
with medical doctor or physician as the author...goes on to say
'the medical officer gives a person an OK to go on to the program
after insuring the person's blood pressure is normal and he is
not anemic. The medical officer does these checks himself where
he is trained to do so'. Therefore, it seems medically unqualified
persons are going to be supervising this program which I think
is quite dangerous."
The report concludes, "While a drug free society is a worthwhile
goal of any institution, when the initial entry into this program,
i.e. the Purification Rundown is filled with so many false generalizations,
internal inconsistencies, outright lies, and potentially dangerous
treatments, I think it is without question that Narconon will
be a detriment to the Newkirk area, Kay County, and the State
of Oklahoma as a whole."
leaders say they intend to forward complete, signed copies of
the two reports to the same state and federal officials who
previously received other packages of material concerning Narconon.
Scientology Group Hires Investigator, Buys Ad
to a story by Michael McNutt in the August 25th edition of The
Daily Oklahoman, an alleged Scientology group operating as Narconon
near Newkirk has hired a private investigator to find the extent
of illegal drug use in Kay County and the identity of those
opposing "effective drug rehabilitation programs."
the private investigator was hired over a month ago. Newkirk Mayor
Garry Bilger says that he was visited by Woody Bastemeyer, owner
of Western Investigating, 4423 N. Greenvale Circle, Stillwater,
about July 20th.
Bilger said Bastemeyer told him he had been hired by Narconon
to find out who had been supplying the city with information about
Scientology and Narconon, and was particularly interested in the
source of a British Broadcasting Company documentary program on
Scientology that has been circulating in the area.
Several other area residents have also reported being contacted
by Mr. Bastemeyer. Bastemeyer resurfaced around the first of August,
according to Bilger, and wanted, but didn't receive, copies of
letters the mayor had received from dissident Scientologists from
across the country. He also visited with some local law enforcement
people at that time.
On Tuesday, August 22, an advertisement appeared in the Ponca
City News. It was placed by Western Investigating, and asked people
to give the names, addresses, place of employment, and type of
vehicle driven by anyone known to be selling drugs or opposed
to "effective drug rehabilitation programs."
On Thursday, August 24, Kay County Sheriff Glenn Guinn was contacted
by Bastemeyer who was requesting information about Newkirk Herald
Journal Publisher Bob Lobsinger's wife and children.
The Western Investigating ad reappeared the next day in the Ponca
City News. According to the story in the Oklahoman, Narconon plans
to use the information to convince opponents in the area that
a need exists for their drug treatment facility.
The North Central Major Crimes Task Force ran a similar ad in
June, asking readers to identify who is selling drugs and where
the suspect lives and works. The Western Investigating ad, however,
also asks readers to list "anyone who may be opposed to effective
drug rehabilitation programs."
Narconon's Gary Smith is quoted in the Oklahoman article as saying,
"That's in there from past experiences that we've had in
other areas,... It's something that we're investigating."
The Oklahoman says Smith told them they only intend to send
those people informational brochures, "We're not trying
to hurt anybody or do any kind of blackmail thing," Smith
is quoted as saying, but added that information about suspected
criminal activity will be "turned over to the proper authorities."