Drug Treatment Plant
May Be Part Of Notorious Religious Cult
Robert W. Lobsinger
Herald Journal Publisher
April 27, 1989
NEWKIRK, OK - A proposed drug treatment and rehabilitation center
which could be in operation on Indian land at the former Chilocco
Indian School north of Newkirk by June 15th may be part of a notorious
was approved for a 75-bed facility by the State Health Planning
Commission in January of this year as part of The Chilocco Development
Authority. The projected cost is $400,000 for renovation and the
five Indian tribes involved are projected to receive $16,000,000
in lease payments over 25 years.
to published reports, Narconon is the drug rehabilitation program
for the Church of Scientology founded by L. Ron Hubbard. Last
Friday Sociology Professor Richard Ofshe of the University of
California at Berkley confirmed that Narconon is an organization
of the Church of Scientology. "I think it's common knowledge
out here", he said. In a 1981 Reader's Digest article, the
Church of Scientology was described as a "frightening cult".
members contacted about the Chilocco project were not aware of
a possible connection to the Church of Scientology. All they've
been told is that it is a "private corporation."
office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs said they were not aware
of the connection, and were very "surprised" because
the "state" and the "governor's office" were
involved in getting Narconon to come to Chilocco.
literature says nothing about any connection with the Church of
Scientology, but does say it adheres to the methods of L. Ron
material presented to Newkirk Mayor Garry Bilger at ceremonies
held at Chilocco on Saturday, April 8, says only that "the
Narconon program owes its success to the 'unique technology' of
L. Ron Hubbard. Narconon uses the Hubbard® Method of drug
rehabilitation to handle the root causes of why the person took
drugs in the first place."
only connection between Scientology and Narconon in its own material
seems to be a reference to "RTC" that appears in literature
from Narconon. In fine print, it says that "Hubbard is a
trademark and service mark owned by "RTC" and is used
with its permission. In literature received by the Newkirk Library
from the Church of Scientology advertising books by L. Ron Hubbard,
a footnote announces that Dianetics, Scientologist, and Scientology
are trademarks and service marks owned by Religious Technology
Center (the same RTC?) and are used with its permission.
is a drug treatment program founded by William Benitez about 1965
while he was in the Arizona State Prison, according to "The
Truth About Drugs" by Gene Chill and John Duff. The book
proudly proclaims that Narconons programs are based on the technology
of L. Ron Hubbard, but makes no mention of Scientology.
Truth About Drugs", a Narconon publication, says that Narconon
is a multi-phase program that includes drug free withdrawal after
a full medical exam; a Purification Program that cleanses the
body of remaining accumulations of drugs; training and counseling
to bridge the individual over to life as a drug free, contributing
member of society.
was first established by Benitez after other programs he tried
had failed. It took 9 months to get the program approved for use
in the Arizona State Penitentiary and was expanded to other prisons
in 1969, then to the public in 1972. Narconon works in two fields,
Rehabilitation and Education. Educational efforts were begun in
1979 by former drug user John Duff, one of the authors of "The
Truth About Drugs." Duff is currently National Director of
Narconon's Drug Education program..
- Chilocco has announced intentions of being in operation by June
15. It has received the approval of the State of Oklahoma to begin
with a 75 bed capacity, but Narconon staff member Edna Fulton,
quoted in the April 9th issue of the Ponca City News, said she
expects approval for reasonably rapid expansion. It could eventually
house up to 1,400 "patients" and whatever "staff"
would be necessary.
Los Angeles based Association for Better Living & Education
(ABLE), sent Rena Weinberg to Chilocco to present Narconon and
the Chilocco Development Authority with a $200,000.00 check to
be used in establishing the local Narconon facility.
to the Ponca City News, Weinberg said ABLE operates internationally
and has been impressed with the success of the Narconon recovery
program, hence the donation.
address of ABLE is 3540 Wilshire Blvd, Suite 300, Los Angeles,
California. The address of Narconon International Association
is... 3540 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 300, Los Angeles, Ca. The address
of Narconon Drug Education, U.S. is 3540 Wilshire Blvd., Suite
303, Los Angeles, CA. Same building, same floor, same offices.
material says it is currently operating 26 treatment facilities
in 11 nations: Nine facilities in the United States, five in California,
two in Colorado, one in Massachusetts, and one in Louisiana. According
to the Golden, Colorado, Transcript, the Narconon unit in Golden
just opened in the fall of 1988.
Ronald Hubbard was born in Tilden, Nebraska in 1911. His father
was a navy commander. According to Life Magazine, Hubbard, while
in the far east on tour with his father, "studied with lama
he attended college, and often claimed a degree, he never finished
his schooling. During the 1930s, he traveled in Central America
and wrote Science Fiction, Westerns, and Screenplays.
to Time Magazine, Hubbard made up his own history and travels,
claiming that he was a World War II hero and a nuclear physicist.
book, "Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health"
first appeared as an article in Astounding Science Fiction magazine.
later claimed his book was a science, and eventually, a religion.
order to have freedom from interruptions so he could study and
write more books, his followers say he took to life on the high
seas, living and operating from a fleet of ships cruising in international
waters. His detractors say he was avoiding legal problems in several
to Time Magazine, Hubbard's son, Ronald DeWolf, changed his name
to disassociate himself from his father, whom he calls, "one
of the biggest con men of the century."
1949, Hubbard told a group of science fiction writers, "Writing
for a penny a word is ridiculous. If a man really wanted to make
a million dollars, the best way would be to start his own religion."
reportedly died as mysteriously as he had lived. The Church of
Scientology announced in February 1986 that L. Ron Hubbard died
"last week." No actual date of death was ever given,
and some wonder if the body was really his.
Fiction Encyclopedia says that Scientology is a dramatic example
of Science Fiction pulp being put into practice in the real world.
L. Ron Hubbard came to believe his own si-fi is a remarkable story.
That he has managed to establish and propagate it into a growing
"religion" is a tribute to his ability as a believable
magazine says Scientology originally surfaced as "Dianetics",
a pseudopsychological fad that flourished in the early 1950s.
Newsweek calls Dianetics a "far-out book" that took
Hubbard only 60 days to write but became a best seller within
months of publication in 1950.
has been described as a "sometime explorer, engineer, and
science-fiction writer" in Newsweek, and the magazine notes
that at the Church of Scientology's First National Conference
on Public Action and Social Reform in Los Angeles in 1974, "representatives
of the California Legislature presented a special commendation
to Narconon, Scientology's program to fight drug abuse."
Over 1,500 Scientologists attended the meeting.
1952, Hubbard announced the birth of the Church of Scientology,
an "applied religious philosophy" which retained most
of the basic features of Dianetics.
to Time, Scientology has several levels of liberation leading
one to a state of "clear", in which all "engrams"
from this or past lives have been erased. "Engrams",
a biological term, was borrowed by Hubbard to mean the mental
quirks he felt caused all psychic problems.
"clear" a Scientologist takes on super-human qualities
and becomes an "Operating Thetan" with extraordinary
powers. Hubbard was an "Operating Thetan."
called his Dianetics, "a milestone for Man comparable to
his discovery of fire and superior to his invention of the wheel
and the arch."
blend of Eastern philosophy, psychoanalytic technique and futuristic
theory "concocted" by Hubbard offered everyone self
help answers to an array of psychic and bodily ills. One of the
reasons Hubbard incorporated his theories into a religion was
partly to avoid attacks from medical and psychiatric critics.
World Headquarters is in Los Angeles. Hubbard's Dianetics became
Scientology's scripture. Through Dianetics, Hubbard claimed he
could raise IQs, cure bad eyesight, the common cold, and radiation
burns, among other things.
book, "All God's Children" by Carroll Stoner and Jo
Anne Parke says that Scientology is attractive to "those
who are, or think they are, in trouble." Stoner and Parke
say that Scientology is different from most religious cults because
members rarely live in communal systems and most live and work
in the outside world.
the average person, Science Fiction Encyclopedia says, Dianetics
offered several attractions: It took only hours of training in
order to be able to practice. No formal education was necessary.
It offered a model of the mind that was at first simple and coherent,
and it offered diagnosis of why so many feel they are unappreciated
failures. Further and most important, it offered a cure.
science fiction to science, then to religion, Hubbard's Dianetics
drew big followings. The group expanded overseas and established
centers in Australia and South Africa as early as 1953. Still,
it was seen by the skeptical as a crafty tax dodge, even though
it does have some of the trappings of a genuine religion.
new religion combined parts of Hindu, Veda and Daharma, Taoism,
Old Testament wisdom, Buddhist principles, Early Greek thinking
and other tidbits.
primarily, the religious status offered the advantages of tax
exemption and less government scrutiny than one receives in the
fields of medicine or science. Religious regulation is looser
than scientific or medical regulation.
says the church concerns itself little with God, and mostly with
the here and now. One recruit who quit called it "A Church
with a cashier's booth."
order to reach the state of "clear", a recruit must
travel down a path of successive courses with "auditors"
processing him through each level with an E-meter.
E-meter, or "electroencephaloneuromentimograph", is
essentially a crude lie detector, with which the "auditor"
questions the recruit about intimate details of his life. When
the needle jumps, an "engram" or sin has been uncovered,
and the "auditor" helps the recruit confront and erase
the "engram." E-meters were developed by Hubbard to
speed up the Dianetics process of clearing engrams. Auditing is
similar to confession in other religions. The E-meter and its
use appear to be the only "unique technology" every
developed by Hubbard. An E-meter is a galvanometer attached to
two cans. V-8 juice cans seem popular for the purpose, according
to some reports.
first level course releases a person from his problems, according
to Life. The second covers "Overts" (harmful or contrasurvival
acts) and Witholds. Next comes a Freedom Release, then an Ability
Release and Power Processing. Once these first five levels have
been attained, further processing must be done at special Scientology
complexes, such as Saint Hill, Sussex, England, which are only
for advanced enlightenment. These higher levels will take a person
Newsweek says, believe that man is a spiritual creature descended
from a race of omnipotent "Thetans" who decided to experiment
with life on earth, and gave up some of their powers to do so.
(There are at least two different versions of this story in print.)
anyone can retrieve those lost powers by overcoming the "engrams"
that have cluttered their personality during the eons of their
an "engram"-free person is said to be "clear."
A "clear", according to Science Fiction Encyclopedia,
is a person who has erased the aberrations from his "thetan"
and in return has powers of telepathy, radically increased intelligence,
the ability to move outside his body, a photographic memory, and
the ability to control processes such as growing new teeth.
Some reports say it takes about 60 hours of auditing and a course
in Dianetic training in order to reach "clear." The
first "clear" was a South African medical student named
John McMaster, who made the trip in 1966.
was a secular movement until Hubbard discovered the existence
of the "Thetan". Thetans are reincarnated over trillions
of years. Hubbard has been quoted as saying that he felt as good
as anyone who was several trillion years old could expect to feel.
the years, Scientology has taken on trappings of more conventional
religions, including ministers who perform legal marriages, baptisms,
funeral services, liturgies, clerical collars, and a vague sort
of theology that rarely mentions anything about eternal salvation
God's Children" states that in 1969 the US Court of Claims
defined the beliefs of the Church of Scientology as belief in
a "spirit" or "Thetan" which is said to reside
within the physical body of every human being. They believe that
the spirit is immortal and that it receives a new body upon the
death of the body in which it resides."
magazine reports that Hubbard's teachings include belief in two
minds, the Analytic and the Reactive. One, the Analytic, is a
perfect computer while the other is a mass of "engrams"
that provides incorrect data to the Analytic computer. The Reactive
mind works like an adding machine with old totals still in its
works. Unless it is "cleared", it continues to feed
the wrong answers to the Analytic mind even though a new problem
has been punched in. The idea is to clear the Reactive mind of
false data so the Analytic mind can work properly.
interesting theory espoused by Scientology is that many illnesses
are caused by "engrams", including dermatitis, arthritis,
allergies, bursitis, ulcers, migraine headaches and even cancer.
So getting rid of "engrams" is pretty important.
to The Scientology Catechism, it costs between $2,500 and $5,000
to go "clear". Paying for courses is a matter of personal
integrity, the Catechism states, but charity cases are considered,
and should see the chaplain.
also says training scholarships are available for some groups,
including workers in approved rehabilitation programs.
magazine reported that in order to become an Operating Thetan,
Class VIII - the highest classification at the time, it would
cost as much as $15,000.
lessons cost $15, childrens courses $10, or less. A sample audit
might cost $5 and last two hours. Some reports say "auditing"
through Grade IV costs $650. Other reports show a twelve and a
half hour "Life Repair" session with E-meter at $625.
printed case histories abound telling of individuals who have
paid well over $100,000.00 before becoming disillusioned with
vary from independent church to church. Churches are authorized
franchises, with each setting it's own fees, and forwarding 10
percent to the Mother Church, in Saint Hill, Sussex, England.
charge that the church reduces followers to the status of working
slaves with jobs in the church to pay the price of tuition for
further courses, a charge the church Catechism denies.
1968, Life magazine estimated membership at between 2 and 3 million
people. Most recruits, it said, were young, intelligent, and idealistic.
Newsweek in 1974 said the number of members claimed by the church
was 3.2 million around the world.
said that church recruits tended to be young, drifting, fairly
well educated and in search of psychological answers more than
spiritual ones. One famous member of the church was former pro-quarterback
John Brodie, who said Scientology healed his throwing arm, Time
Church of Scientology has a record of being litigious.
instance, in August of 1978, the Los Angeles Times was slapped
with a million dollar suit after it ran a series about the Church
of Scientology. According to a Newsweek story, the Scientologists
claimed that the paper conspired with the FBI and Justice Department
to violate the church's civil rights by poisoning the atmosphere
before a trial of church officials on charges of scheming to steal
1977, Newsweek reported in the same issue, a San Diego Union reporter
took a Scientology course, identifying herself only at its end.
Two days before publication of her story about the session, the
paper was sued for $10,000 for invasion of privacy. Scientologists
offered to drop the suit if the Union dropped the story. When
the article ran anyway, the suit escalated to $900,000 and charges
of fraud and deceit were added. Scientologists say the press has
unfairly characterized them as a bizarre fringe group, Newsweek
the Church of Scientology filed a million dollar libel suit against
the Clearwater (Fla.) Sun in 1976, the paper countersued for abuse
of legal process and subpoenaed the church's financial records
and officials. The Scientologists decided to drop their case,
according to the Newsweek report.
media lawyer said, "A full-scale lawsuit would open them
up to full disclosure, and most cults can hardly afford full disclosure
in the courtroom." The Newsweek article referred to was authored
by Betsy Carter with Michael Reese in San Francisco, and Martin
Kasindorf in Los Angeles as well as from bureau reports.
1976, Time reported that England banned foreign Scientologists
from entering the country because of the increasing number of
complaints about the group.
practices reported in various countries included the recording
of "auditing" sessions that made members susceptible
to blackmail; "Disconnect" orders requiring devout members
to sever ties with antagonistic family or friends (Supressive
Persons); "Fair Game" rules which said a defector from
the group could be "deprived of property or injured by any
means... sued, lied to, or destroyed."
same article tells the story of the deceptive purchase of the
Fort Harrison Hotel in downtown Clearwater, Florida. A group calling
itself the Southern Land Development and Leasing Corp. purchased
the building for cash and said it was to be used as headquarters
for the "United Churches of Florida," a new ecumenical
group. The sale won approval of local clergymen.
strangers moved in, and an investigation soon traced the money
paid for the building to the Church of Scientology.
mentioned above, Clearwater Sun was sued over the investigation.
So was the St. Petersburg Times and Radio Station WDCI. In addition,
Clearwater Mayor Cazares was also sued... all unsuccessfully,
but at great defense expense, which ultimately the church was
ordered to pay. "We are not a turn-the-other cheek religion"
a church spokesman identified as Arthur Maren is quoted as saying
at that time.
is now home of the Flag Land Base of the Church and offers the
same advanced training previously available only in Saint Hill,
Sussex, England, or on the ocean fleet. Despite the legal hassles
upon moving to town, the Scientologists seem to have had few other
problems with their Clearwater neighbors once the truth about
who they were and where they came from was made known.
has a long history of problems with the rest of the orthodox world.
The most recent came after a nine month Spanish probe into the
group's Narconon unit in that country. According to a December
1988 edition of the Orange County (California) Register, the president
of the Los Angeles based Church of Scientology and 10 other members
were arrested in an investigation of alleged fraud and tax evasion
Jose Maria Vazquez Honrubia of Madrid, Spain, said Narconon, a
church-linked drug-rehabilitation program, swindled its clients
and lured them into Scientology.
President Heber Jentzsch was released on $1.1 million bail, and
10 foreigners were expelled from the country.
the Register noted that Jentzsch and 70 other people were detained
as part of an investigation into charges of fraud, criminal association
and tax evasion. Judge Vazquez Honrubia said authorities had frozen
$1.76 million in bank accounts belonging to officials of the US
based Church of Scientology and the Church's Drug-Rehabilitation
has twice refused to grant the organization legal status as a
religious entity in that country.
Spanish probe.. Spanish Inquisition, according to church officials...
was prompted by complaints from Spaniards who said they had been
swindled out of money through drug-rehabilitation programs and
other activities related to the Church of Scientology. In 1983,
Hubbard's wife was sentenced to four years in prison for conspiring
with other Scientologists to bug and burglarize government agencies
including the IRS, Time magazine reported.
Portland, Ore., jury awarded $2 million to Julie C. Titchbourne
on August 15, 1979, according to the World Book 1980 Yearbook.
She was a former member of the Church of Scientology, and accused
the cult of defrauding her on its promise to give her a better
life. Five Scientologists were sentenced to prison terms of four
or five years in December, 1979 after they were convicted of conspiring
to obstruct justice and to obtain government documents pertaining
to the cult.
a telephone conversation last Friday, while researching this story,
the California Attorney General's office in Sacramento volunteered
that they were very familiar with the operations of Narconon and
Scientology, and had in fact convicted and jailed a "spy"
whom they had discovered working in their offices.
was sentenced in his absence to 4 years imprisonment in Paris
in 1978 after being found guilty of obtaining money under false
pretences through Scientology, according to the Science Fiction
same book also reports that Hubbard was deported from the United
Kingdom as an undesirable alien in 1968, after which he took to
his fleet of ships to direct his worldwide operations. Life and
Newsweek also reported the incident. Life said the British government
felt Scientology to be "Socially harmful," and barred
foreign Scientologists from entering the country to participate
in the World Scientology Congress scheduled at the Saint Hill,
Sussex, England church complex. Newsweek said the British government's
ban on foreign Scientologists was because of the groups "authoritarian
principles... a potential menace to the personality and well being
of those so deluded as to become its followers," and because
of the cult's "technology of the human spirit" as well
as its rejection of psychiatry and other scientifically endorsed
approaches to mental health problems.
even before that, the cult had its problems. A Board of Inquiry
(released as the Anderson Report of 1965) in the State of Victoria,
Australia in 1963 found that "Scientology is evil; its techniques
are evil; its practice a serious threat to the community, medically,
morally, and socially; and its adherents sadly deluded and often
mentally ill." The board reached its conclusions after examining
151 witnesses. Scientology was banned in Victoria.
Australian government branded Hubbard a "fraud" in 1965,
and called Scientology "evil, fantastic and impossible, its
principles perverted and ill-founded, its techniques debased and
harmful," according to Time.
magazine, in 1968 quotes the Victorian government as calling Scientology
"the world's largest organization of unqualified persons
engaged in the practice of dangerous techniques which masquerade
as mental therapy."
1971, Scientologists won a fight with the Food and Drug Administration
over their E-meters. The agency had confiscated them from the
group's Washington D.C. headquarters in a raid in 1963. The Feds
claimed that Scientology falsely promised the cure of "neuroses,
psychoses, schizophrenia and all psychosomatic illnesses."
years of legal wrangling, Scientologists got their E-meters back,
but only after agreeing to put disclaimers of any therapeutic
power on the machines.
IRS in 1959 got courts to deny Scientology a tax exemption. But
after the case was over, the cult won limited recognition as a
religion according to a Newsweek report in 1974.
the beginning, Hubbard's methods and technology have drawn sharp
professional criticism. Newsweek noted that the medical and psychiatric
community responded "with alarm" to Hubbards book. Professional
psychologists condemned Dianetics as amateurish and potentially
dangerous meddling with serious mental problems, according to
Time. A journalist who took the courses said in Life magazine
that Scientology "is scary" and uses potentially disastrous
techniques. He reports that Dr. William Menninger denounced Dianetic
Auditing as potentially dangerous.
Editorial Comment By RWL - 27 April 1989
Whoa, now! Maybe it's time for us backwater Cowboys and Indians
to slow down our wagons and ponies a bit, before we git stampeded
into thunderation by a bunch of slick talkin' riverboat shysters
toutin' some new fangled snake oil cure for the fire-water frazzles.
olden days when Dr. Malingerer visited the town with his wagon
of "tonic" guaranteed to cure everything from gout to
the vapors in man or beast, we're about to be hoodwinked by another
bunch of bamboozelers.
need to wake up quick and smell the horse apples. This Narconon
outfit appears to be a front for the Church of Scientology and
it's founder L. Ron Hubbard. It looks right like a religious cult...
a religious con that makes TV preachers look like choir boys.
Wagon seems to be filled with bottles of hocus-pocus, engrams,
E-meters and other imaginary whoo-ha designed to dazzle the desperate
and free from their wretched bodies not only their "Thetans",
but also their bucks.
this pseudo-theological mumbo-jumbo not only exists, but is actually
growing is a credit to Mr. Hubbard's ability as a convincing science
I mean Narconon is settin' up shop at Chilocco with some "generous"
assistance from a philanthropic outfit called the Association
for Better Living & Education (ABLE) which says it has been
impressed with Narconon's worldwide record. Just like it was a
separate outfit looking for a good cause. And the Naronon guy
profusely thanks the ABLE lady for the "donation" that
will insure the success of the Chilocco project! How wonderful
it all is. The melodrama is tearjerking.
and the Narconon International Association share the same building
in Los Angeles. In fact. they share the same floor of the same
building. In fact, they share the exact same office suite of the
same floor of the same building. Why did they bother to come here
to "donate" the money from their left hand to their
right? Unless it was a hokum-pokum show for us dummies out here
in the gulch!
ain't selling snake oil, tax free cigarettes, or nickel bingo.
What they're selling is hope, vitamin pills and steam baths. Packaged
in blarney. Their own propaganda says their treatments "cannot
be construed as a recommendation of medical treatment or medication
and it is undertaken or delivered by anyone on his own responsibility."
In other words, if it don't work, tough cookies.
says it has an 86 percent cure rate, but a West Berlin study showed
the rate to be about 10 percent. Of course, if the first two weeks
of the basic program don't work - and they probably won't - there
are many more courses available that might. Nineteen volumes of
them, in fact. All part of the "unique technology" of
Mr. Hubbard. How much money can Narconon rake out of Indian Health
Care funds that could otherwise be used for legitimate medical
we have read suggests that dependency upon drugs is simply replaced
with dependency upon Scientology. A sociology professor in California
has warned us that similar establishments have been used by this
group in the past as warehouses for dissident members. The isolation
is ideal. The lack of outside scrutiny is perfect. The potential
is frightening beyond anything we have dealt with before.
mental messiahs with forked tongues are treading on our Indian
neighbors' hopes of economic and social development. What they
really want is the isolation of Indian land, exempt from state
and local law enforcement jurisdiction. And in the deal, they'll
get a ready made crop of Indian "patients." With Indian
Health Care picking up the tab for nearly all of them while they
get "processed" down the path of "enlightenment."
beyond the swindle of Indian health care funds, how many patients
will actually wind up believing they are "Super Thetans"
capable of taking intergalactic voyages by leaving their bodies
behind? How many people will forgo medical care while trying to
"erase" the "engrams" that are causing their
heart trouble? How many will die? It only takes a few more courses
to get there. And money, of course.
many of our sons and daughters will wind up working as Scientology
missionaries or Narconon staffers in order to pay for their unending
array of enlightening courses?
return, Narconon is offering a measly $3.2 million per tribe for
a 25 year lease on misery. Our Indian neighbors have again been
let down by the "agencies" designed to help and protect
all of us from shysters and swindlers. Especially the Oklahoma
Health Planning Commission, which must have had it's head plugged
into an E-meter not to discover the true nature of this malignity.
Surely information so readily available in the Newkirk Public
Library is available in Oklahoma City.
you think this all sounds like I've been smoking funnygrass, I
suggest you trot on over there and look it up yourself. If you
need a list of references, I've got lots of 'em. But just reading
today's paper will give you the general idea. And you won't need
an E-meter to get the mental picture.
already got too many drunks and dopers. Do we want a bunch of
space cadets, too?
may be the only voice crying in the wilderness, but we suggest
that Narconon is no answer to our area's drug problem, or it's
economic problem. It would behoove us all to encourage Hubbard's
hucksters to hook up their horses and get their asteroids on down